Born on July 11, 1857, in Nice, French psychologist Alfred Binet was known for his achievements in developing standard tests of intelligence. He studied law at the Sorbonne, but other studies of medicine and psychology have attention. The most important activity is in the range of Binet IQ tests.
Together with his colleague, psychologist Théodore Simon designed a test to measure mental ability of children, a psychological tools for diagnosing and characterizing intelligence-deficient children with learning difficulties in order to recover them. Thus was born the first metric scale of intelligence (1905), improved in 1908 and 1917. It was the first intelligence test tools that ability to give good answers in terms of truth and to act effectively in various circumstances. It was adapted and used in many countries.
After Binet intelligence has already set out the characteristics of learning the knowledge gained to good use and to benefit from any experience. The metric scale of intelligence was circulated concept of mental age to chronological age reported. Child’s score based on the number of correct answers, reflect the mental age of the child. Some versions of the tools (Stanford-Binet – 1916, Terman-Merrill Scale – 1960) was the version adopted by the team of psychologists from Cluj .
Binet visited Romania from April 27 to June 17, 1895, holding a series of lectures at the University of Bucharest. Binet was concerned and problems mimic expressions, personality and is the precursor of differential psychology. Is considered as part of the top 10 largest pioneering psychologists psychological world. The writing and literature. His play L’homme mystérieux (1910) was played 25 times at the theater Sarah Bernhardt. After receiving his law degree in 1878, Alfred Binet began to study science at the Sorbonne. However, he was not overly interested in his formal schooling, and started educating himself by reading psychology texts at the National Library in Paris. He soon became fascinated with the ideas of John Stuart Mill, who believed that that the operations of intelligence could be explained by the the laws of associationism. Binet eventually realized the limitations of this theory, but Mill’s ideas continued to influence his work.
In 1883, Binet began to work in Jean-Martin Charcot’s neurological laboratory at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris. At the time of Binet’s tenure, Charcot was experimenting with hypnotism. Binet was strongly influenced by this great man, and published four articles about his work in this area. Unfortunately, Charcot’s conclusions did not hold up under professional scrutiny, and Binet was forced to make an embarrassing public admission that he had been wrong in supporting his teacher.
When his intrigue with hypnosis waned as a result of failure to establish professional acceptance, he turned to the study of development spurred on by the birth of his two daughters, Madeleine and Alice (born in 1885 and 1887, respectively). In the 21 year period following his shift in career interests, Binet “published more than 200 books, articles, and reviews in what now would be called experimental, developmental, educational, social, and differential psychology” (Siegler, 1992). Bergin and Cizek (2001) suggest that this work may have influenced Jean Piaget, who later studied with Binet’s collaborator Theodore Simon in 1920. Binet’s research with his daughters helped him to further refine his developing conception of intelligence, especially the importance of attention span and suggestibility in intellectual development.
Alfred Binet died in Paris on October 18, 1911.